childcare, help for the elderly, distance learning … What forms will the “new solidarities” hoped for by Emmanuel Macron take?


To cope with the exceptional situation caused by the epidemic, the President of the Republic launched an appeal for solidarity. Some have already answered it, but this is not done without constraints.

“Such trials are never overcome alone. It is, on the contrary, in solidarity, by saying ‘we’ rather than thinking ‘I’, that we will take up this immense challenge.” During his speech Thursday, March 12, Emmanuel Macron called on the French to stand up to the Covid-19 coronavirus epidemic and called for “invent (…) new solidarities”. Some have already answered it, but this is not done without constraints.

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Child care

It is undoubtedly the most spectacular announcement of the presidential address. In front of “the most serious health crisis that France has known in a century”, Emmanuel Macron ordered, Thursday, March 12, the closure, from Monday and “until further notice”, nurseries, schools and universities. As of Monday, about 12 million students will be affected by the closure of some 62,000 schools. For parents will begin the puzzle of the guard.

But already on Twitter, some have offered their services to these destitute parents.

“It seems completely natural to offer my help, says Emma, ​​an 18-year-old high school student, there is less and less mutual assistance and so much the better if this crisis situation can bring up certain values ​​which have disappeared a little. “ In full preparation for a Bac ES, this holder of Bafa hopes to benefit from her “little experience” at parents in need. She even assures that she could help her loved ones for free, “Otherwise it will pay off, especially when there are trips”, smiles the one who lives in Beauvais (Oise).

Adrien and Lucie, they live in Jaunay-Marigny (Vienne) near Futuroscope and are extracurricular animators in two primary schools in their commune. “It must not have been easy for parents since last night, blows Adrien, especially those who work in the medical field. ” Working daily with children for six years, he too wants to be useful. “We would prefer not to have to do it, but we provide a form of support and relief to parents who must be destitute”, he adds. If he is not mobilized for the after-hours of the extracurricular service promised by Emmanuel Macron, he is ready to go to people’s homes to babysit their children.

I expect to have more work than usual, because here it will be for the day and not for a few hours.Adrien, extracurricular animator in Vienneat franceinfo

Lucie, his partner, is a temporary worker and, for her too, making a gesture is natural, especially since “if (she) does not work hours, (she) is not paid”. “Helping as much as staying idle”, she notes. She too is preparing to be asked and already has an idea of ​​what she will do to the children: “board games, manual activities or sport if time and place allow”. But their help “unfortunately will not be free”. She claims to be able to take care of a group of up to 10 children from 6 to 10 years old in one day. “I have the qualifications to do it, but it’s not a game and it’s not something we do lightly”, she warns.

Home lessons

Direct consequence of the closure of schools, the increase in demand for home or distance courses. “Our goal is obviously that no student remains on the side of the road in an exceptional period like this”, assured Jean-Michel Blanquer Thursday evening. “The period which opens must not be a period during which the pupils cannot work”, added Jean-Michel Blanquer, specifying that students who do not have suitable IT equipment (about 5% according to the Minister) can be helped, without further details.

At the beginning of March, the Ministry of National Education presented the system planned to ensure educational continuity in the event of the closure of schools. A free platform of Cned, called “My class at home”, offers teachers the opportunity to offer activities to students in different subjects and to hold virtual classes, from the large section from kindergarten to grade 12. A “personalized mail” should be sent to parents of students in the coming days, specifying how to connect to the distance learning platform. “There will also be tutorials”, assured the Minister.

But this offer requires a good internet connection, which can be problematic. “You have to take this aspect into account”, insists on franceinfo Sonia Le Gouriellec, lecturer in political science at the Catholic University of Lille. Large files should be avoided, in favor of lighter PDFs, so that everyone can download.

She, like her colleagues, “knew this shutdown was going to happen, but not so soon”. The timing for preparing is very short and she expects a busy weekend. If the tools exist for online work, the teacher warns: “We will not have to do lessons facing the camera for hours. In an amphitheater, it is already complicated to have everyone’s attention, but it will be even worse for high school, college or elementary school students to remain in front of a screen. . ” Rather, she recommends 10-minute capsules or quizzes, texts to read.

However, she does not recommend home lessons, which could lead to “a break in equity between students”. “We could gather them in cafes, but that would recreate potential homes, so it’s not necessarily a great idea”, she slips. Finally, she warns the students who rejoice a little quickly about this closure of the schools. “I fear the descent, because they underestimate the mass of work. There are still exams at the end, it is not because the schools close that it will be easier”, she concludes.

Help for the elderly

The President of the Republic also called people over 70 “to stay at home and limit their travels as much as possible”. In some municipalities, such as Aytré (Charente-Maritime), initiatives to facilitate mutual assistance are emerging, reports France 3 New Aquitaine. “Among our tenants, 160 of them are 80 years old and over. The coronavirus is an opportunity for us to implement this program and to promote solidarity networks”, explains Domitille Monvel, Habitat 17 Charente-Maritime communications manager, who was behind this idea. Precautions are required: no hand tightening, no wind, but we try to keep this contact, this closeness between us “, assures Marc, a neighbor.

Elderly people are divided. For fear of contamination, they did not want visits from outside people. Others, on the contrary, insisted that we come. Seniors are aware of the risk, but trust the usual caregivers “, declare to Parisian Matthieu Domas, director general of the APA network, which brings together several specialized associations. The manager also raised the shortage of hydroalcoholic gel and masks, essential accessories for carers. “The home help sector has been forgotten”, he regrets.


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