Coronavirus measures taken in Latin America

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10,982 new cases of coronaviruses were registered this Sunday in the world and 343 people died, making the total number of infections 153,517 and the death toll 5,535. The most affected country is still Italy, where in the last 24 hours almost 3,500 new cases and 173 deaths were registered. The cases are more and in more and more countries: there are already 144 those with the virus, after nine registered their first cases over the weekend.

In the region, the number of cases is still low, in a list led by Brazil, with 144, but several countries are already adopting measures that in others took longer to implement, leading to a worsening of the situation.

Brazil did not adopt measures on a national scale (in fact, its president, Jair Bolsonaro, participated yesterday in a mobilization against Congress, which made it clear that it will not limit its contacts), but the different states made some decisions, including the suspension of classes and the prohibition of massive events.

Chile suspended classes for 14 days, restricted visits to residences for older adults, visits to prisons and the performance of public events that summon more than 200 people. The president of this country, Sebastián Piñera, did not rule out decreeing a state of emergency, as he did when the October social outbreak began.

Peru decided to close the crowded beaches and stop the arrival of cruise ships. Before, he had suspended classes at schools and universities, stopped flights with some European countries and China, and prohibited shows for more than 300 people.

On Friday, Mexico will close colleges and universities for 30 days, a decision taken after there was a significant jump in the number of infections, which went from 26 to 41 on Saturday. The government recommended that the events that bring together more be suspended. of 5,000 people.

Panama, like Argentina, prohibited the entry of foreigners, ordered the closure of shops and restricted access to public spaces, which added to the suspension, which decided last week, of classes and public events.

Colombia yesterday prohibited the entry of all foreigners who do not reside in the country or integrate diplomatic missions. Those who arrive must comply with the mandatory 14-day isolation. This measure was added to another, adopted on Saturday, which involved the closure of border crossings with Venezuela. Previously, foreigners arriving from Europe and Asia had been barred from entering, and events bringing together more than 500 people, including soccer, had been banned.

Costa Rica ordered the complete closure of bars and clubs, but keeps classes running normally and borders open.

Ecuador also prohibited, until April 5, the arrival of flights from the most affected countries.

Paraguay has been in a 15-day general quarantine since Tuesday, which includes the suspension of academic activities, mass attendance events and activities in closed places, such as cinemas and theaters. The president of this country, Mario Abdo, also staggered the hours of the officials to avoid the crowds on public transport and set the price of the hygiene products that are most needed.

Cuba chose to postpone all sporting events with foreign participation, but keeps its doors open to receive foreign tourists. “They will be well received,” said the government, which recalled that the World Health Organization does not recommend restricting travel.

Bolivia confirmed its first cases on Friday, which places it, along with Uruguay, among the last countries to present cases in the region. The de facto president of Bolivia, Jeanine Áñez, ordered that the entry of foreigners from the European Union, United Kingdom, Ireland and Iran be prohibited as of Wednesday.

Honduras also closed the borders to all foreigners and suspended classes. The national government asked the locals to rule on the closure of all businesses.

Venezuela established a collective quarantine so that all citizens remain in their homes. Only transport and health services, as well as those related to food, will continue to operate.

El Salvador is, along with Haiti, one of the Latin American countries that have not yet registered cases and is taking different measures to prevent the arrival of the virus. The country’s president, Nayib Bukele, decreed a state of emergency for 30 days, which implies the suspension of constitutional guarantees and that he himself has extra powers to adopt other provisions.

Haiti announced that it would suspend the arrival of flights from Europe, Canada and Latin America from today, and will impose restrictions on the land border with the Dominican Republic. The measures will be maintained for at least two weeks.

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