Coronavirus in the world. In Germany, one of the largest numbers of people infected with coronavirus, but mortality is abnormally low. Experts explained why so – World

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The German government is trying to check on coronavirus as many citizens as possible.

Coronavirus crisis hit Germany at full strength. The number of infected is growing rapidly, schools, factories and bars are closed throughout the country, and government measures to slow the spread are becoming more stringent every day.

However, in one of the most important factors, the country shows amazing stability: in comparison with known infections, the number of deaths is still negligible, the material says. Financial times.

According to Johns Hopkins University, there were 16,290 in Germany as of March 20 coronavirus infected, more than in any other country except China, Italy, Iran and Spain.

At the same time, only 44 deaths were recorded in Germany. In neighboring France, on the other hand, 10,891 infections and 371 deaths were reported. In Spain, there were 18,077 infections and 833 deaths. In the United States, Britain, Italy and even South Korea, mortality rates are significantly higher than in Germany.

An obvious anomaly has caused controversy in Germany and abroad, although experts caution against making quick conclusions. They argue that the country’s low mortality rate most likely reflects the fact that the outbreak is still at a relatively early stage, and the age profile of these infected people is younger today than in other countries. Younger patients without previous illnesses are much more likely to survive from coronavirus infectionthan in elderly patients.

Another factor that can help explain the difference is the extremely large number of tests conducted in Germany. According to the president of the Institute, Robert Koch Lothar Wheeler, German laboratories now carry out about 160,000 tests for coronavirus every week – more than some European countries as a whole since the crisis began. Even South Korea, which conducts 15,000 tests a day and is presented by virologists as a role model, seems to test less than Germany.

“It’s about capacities. Capacities in Germany are very, very significant. We can run more than 160,000 tests a week, and that can be increased,” Professor Wheeler told reporters this week. Testing capabilities will also be improved by switching laboratories that specialize in animal health to testing for coronavirus. Professor Hiler added that there are no signs that test suites are missing.

At least in the short term, mass testing helps reduce mortality by allowing authorities to detect cases of Covid-19 even in patients who have few or no symptoms, and who are much more likely to survive. It also means that Germany is likely to have fewer undetected cases than countries where testing is less common. Indeed, one notable feature of a coronavirus outbreak in Germany so far is a large number of relatively young patients: according to the Robert Koch Institute, more than 80 percent of all people coronavirus infectedyounger than 60 years old.

“Especially at the beginning of the outbreak in Germany, we saw many cases involving people returning from skiing trips and similar vacations. These are mostly people under the age of 80 who are well equipped to ski or participate in such events. Their risk of death relatively low, “said Mathias Stoll, professor of medicine at the University of Hanover.

Hans-Georg Kreusslich, professor of medicine and head of the department of virology at the University Hospital in Heidelberg, said: “In most cases, the disease is mild and shows few symptoms, and we suggest that the detection of such mild cases varies from country to country. Statistically, this leads to difference in mortality rates. ”

However, Professor Kreusslich warned that the picture in Germany is likely to change in the coming weeks and months. “We are still at a relatively early stage of the outbreak in Germany. The vast majority of patients have become infected only in the last week or two, and we are likely to see more severe cases in the future, as well as a change in the mortality rate,” he emphasized.

This warning is confirmed by virologists and epidemiologists throughout the country. Most of them expect that over time, different death rates in different countries will converge, and more and more countries will record the true number of cases of infection. But experts also emphasize that Germany, at least, had the opportunity to prepare for the growth of serious cases: hospitals across the country are expanding intensive care and staffing, and the government is buying up as much critical equipment as it can.

Last week, the federal government ordered an additional 10,000 rescue ventilation systems from a German manufacturer, in addition to the 25,000 already installed in hospitals across the country. Berlin, which currently has 391 registered cases of COVID-19, is turning part of the local exhibition site into a 1000-bed hospital for future patients with coronavirus. Similar steps have been taken across the country.

“We are at the beginning, so we can still implement all the measures that were called for. We can still guarantee that seriously ill people can receive treatment in the hospital,” said Professor Wheeler.


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