How coronavirus differs from measles. Photo: “Country”
<p>The Center for Public Health told how measles differs from coronavirus infection Covid-19.
This was reported by the press service of the public health center on Facebook on Friday, April 24.
“Measles is an infectious, acute viral disease. The only source of the causative agent of the infection is a person who has become ill. Susceptibility to measles is extremely high. You can get sick at any age,” the report said.
As noted, more than 57 thousand people fell ill with measles in 2019. The indicator per 100,000 population is 135.7. From the summer of 2017 to the end of 2019 (during the outbreak), more than 115,000 people fell ill with measles.
In January-February 2020, 197 cases of measles were recorded in Ukraine. For the same period in 2019, 25,319 cases were recorded, which indicates a decrease in the incidence rate by 128 times.
Last year in Ukraine, the vaccination rate against measles, mumps and rubella in children in their first year of life was more than 93%. Among children aged 6 years, this indicator amounted to almost 92%.
The center recalls that measles transmits by airborne droplets: through inhalation of tiny droplets of mucus containing viruses with air. They get into the air during sneezing, coughing or talking to a person with measles.
At the same time, the coronavirus transmits via the drop and contact routes.
“A new coronavirus infection of COVID-19 is transmitted from person to person by the drip and contact routes. That is, small particles that are released from the nose or mouth of the patient COVID-19 during coughing or sneezing. These drops spread about one meter from the patient and can get on the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth of another person who is nearby, “the message says.
Doctors note that the virus is not transmitted by air, that is, it cannot be carried by air currents over long distances from a sick person.
In addition, it is reported that the first sign of measles is usually a fever lasting from 4 to 7 days. At the initial stage, body aches, runny nose, dry cough, redness of the eyes, lacrimation and photophobia, and swelling of the face may occur.
“On the 1st day of the rash, the rash usually occurs on the skin of the face and upper neck. On the 2nd day, it spreads to the trunk, hips. On the 3rd day, the rash appears on the legs and feet. The rash lasts 5-6 days, after which it turns pale and leaves short-term pigmentation after itself, “the doctors say.
Most often, complications develop in children under 5 years old or in adults over 30 years old. The most serious complications are:
- laryngitis, laryngotracheobronchitis;
- keratitis, uveitis, which can cause blindness;
- weighty diarrhea and related dehydration;
- pregnant women may have unauthorized abortions, premature births.
“The best protection against measles is immunization with a live combination vaccine for the prevention of measles, mumps and rubella (CCP). It determines a reliable and long-lasting immunity, and also prevents the development of severe forms of the disease and complications,” they said.
However, at the moment, the vaccine against COVID-19 does not yet exist.
Recall, earlier, the WHO reported that because of the coronavirus in the world, outbreaks of measles and polio can occur.
We also wrote that, according to recent data, the number of coronavirus infected in Ukraine has grown to 7,647 people.